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Arkansas Black


Arkansas Black

Parentage Parentage: Winesap seedling, also King David - Possible parent, United States, 1840s

Fruit:  sweet/sharp

Uses: becoming popular in hard cider, eat fresh, cooking, very viscous juice, drying

Flowering: mid season, flowering group 3                                                  

Tree: vigorous

Ploidy: triploid

Zones: 5

Pollination partners: anything in  group 3, needs 2 pollinators

Disease resistance: good

Crop: heavy

Pick: late October to early November.

Storage quality: excellent


A long-keeping tart apple from Arkansas, USA - which goes almost black in storage. The Arkansas Black is an apple cultivar, that originated in the mid-19th Century in Benton County, Arkansas.[1] It is not the same as the cultivar 'Arkansas' or 'Arkansas Black Twig'.[1]


Arkansas Black apples are generally medium-sized with a somewhat flattened shape. Generally a very dark red on the tree, occasionally with a slight green blush where hidden from the sun, the apples grow darker as they ripen, becoming a very dark red or burgundy color. With storage the skin continues to darken. Arkansas Black is one of the darkest of all apple cultivars, hence the name.


The flesh in good years is notably hard and crunchy when fresh, though it does soften somewhat with keeping. Fairly tart when fresh-picked, the apples mellow with storage. Arkansas Blacks are considered an excellent keeping apple, and can be stored for six months in appropriate conditions.


1. Beach, S.A.; Booth, N.O.; Taylor, O.M. (1905), "Arkansas Black", The apples of New York, Albany: J. B. Lyon, pp. 49–50